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How Well Do You Understand EN 14126:2003? Protection Against Biological Agents in Workplace

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According to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), biological agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, other microorganisms and their associated toxins. They can adversely affect human health ranging from allergic reactions to fatal conditions. They are widespread in natural environment and require minimal resources for survival, becoming a potential danger in workplace.

Employee can be harmed by being infected by a biological agent, being exposed to toxins produced by the biological agent and caused allergic reactions. These may include entry through skin or mucous membranes, inhalation, swallowing, animal bites, the urogenital tract, needle stick injuries and cuts etc. Through recent Ebola, African Swine Fever, Avian Influenza outbreaks, we knew that safety measurements are needed in workplace especially dealing with culling operation and carcass handling, where blood and body fluid spilled everywhere or onto frontline operators. Besides animal epidemic prevention, there are many sectors which are of potentially dangers listed as the following.

EN 14126:2003 is the standard to determine whether protective clothing offers necessary protection against infective agents, which prescribes the requirements for materials, seams and garments. For protective clothing which passes EN 14126:2003, wording “-B” will be added behind “TYPE” classification, namely “TYPE 3-B”, “TYPE 4-B” and “TYPE 5-B”. A standard is reviewed every 5 years.

EN 14126:2003 includes 5 test methods to determine the protection class against several specific biological hazards. The higher the protection class, the higher the protection level.

ISO 16603:2004 – Resistance to penetration by blood and body fluids using synthetic blood

*This standard was last reviewed and confirmed in 2014. Therefore this version remains current.

The synthetic blood is a mixture of cellulose, coloring, buffer solution and stabilizing agents. This refers as “screening test”, to predict the pressure at which the subsequent test, using bacteriophage contaminated media, can be expected to penetrate through the material.

ISO 16604:2004 – Resistance to penetration by blood-borne pathogens using a bacteriophage

*This standard was last reviewed and confirmed in 2014. Therefore this version remains current.

The “virus” test and classification are the same as ISO 16603, the only difference being that contaminant used is a bacteriophage (Phi-X-174) instead of synthetic blood. A bacteriophage is a virus that infects and replicates within a bacterium. The bacteriophage serves as a surrogate to stimulate viruses that are pathogenic to humans. It determines the maximum pressure (between 0 and 20 kPa) on a specimen to be tested during 5 minutes.

ISO 22610:2018 – Resistance to penetration by biologically contaminated liquids

*Previously ISO 22610:2006.

The test method involves superimposing the bacterial-contaminated donor material onto the test material and subjecting it to mechanical rubbing. During 75 minutes, the sample is exposed to a bacterial contamination under a light mechanical charge and humid.

ISO 22611 – Resistance to penetration by biologically contaminated liquid aerosols

A bacterium solution (Staphylococcus Aureus) suspended in an aerosol is sprayed onto both unprotected cellulose-nitrate membrane and one covered with the test material (the pore size of the membrane is approx. 0.45 μm). Both membranes are subsequently analyzed to establish their bacterial load. In order to classify the results, the penetration ratio (ratio of the load of the unprotected membrane to the load of the protected membrane) is calculated in log units.

ISO 22612:2005 – Resistance to penetration by biologically contaminated solid particles

*This standard was last reviewed and confirmed in 2014. Therefore this version remains current.

A pre-sterilized material specimen is fixed in the test apparatus and administered with contaminated (Bacillus Subtilis) talcum powder. An agar plate is placed underneath, and the test assembly is shaken. The particles which penetrate are analyzed after incubation of the agar plate, whereby a non-contaminated test specimen serves as control. The results (mean values from 10 single results at a given time) are measured in penetration log units.

ULTITEC offers industry protective clothing against biological hazards from TYPE 3-B to TYPE 6-B, namely ULTITEC 2000, ULTITEC 3000T, ULTITEC 4000 and ULTITEC 5000, which performance levels exceed WHO protective clothing specification option 1 for Ebola infection control.

As a conclusion, operators are encouraged to wear appropriate protective clothing in workplace especially in above mentioned industry sectors. This is to ensure sufficient healthcare protection against infective agents which may result in potential diseases with consideration of infective agents, exposure levels, work nature, infection risk and fabric barrier performance. Moreover, performance evaluation of the protective clothing based on these international and industry standards will assist in overall risk assessment, to become a standard in minimizing the risk of workplace infection.


  2. Standards catalogue: 13.340.10 – Protective clothing
  3. Occupational Safety and Health Administration: Safety and Health Topics / Biological Agents
  4. OSH WIKI: Biological Agents


Protection for Ten Years, ULTITEC Committed to Occupational Safety

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We are pleased to announce that year 2019 is the 10th year anniversary celebration for ULTITEC. Throughout these years, we strictly maintain “Ultimate Protection” goal for sustainable development of protective clothing in ensuring occupational safety of frontline operators. In addition to the continuous improvement of product features in response to latest safety standard, we also encouraged frontline operators to have self-protection mindset through education promotion in preventing public security disasters.

In the past ten years, ULTITEC has achieved great accomplishment in the industry. It has become “the most appropriate protective clothing in Asia and Middle East market” based on international safety certification, cost-effective and high comfortability. This achievement is due to the efforts given by our global partners in 24 countries or regions, through their promotion assistance, ULTITEC protective clothing being distributed successfully to more than 40 countries.

Besides creating brand value based on great protection, comfortability and durability, we do adhere to three major aspects of “Responsible Manufacturing”, “Building Global Partnership” and “Good Health and Welfare” among the 17 Sustainable Development Goals issued by the United Nations. Through cooperation with end users, distributors, suppliers and teammates, we actively promote the brand mission of “Act without fear!” which frontline operators can perform daily tasks safely in a workplace full of hazardous substances without worries.

Last but not least, we themed this celebration “10 Year Anniversary: You bring out the best in us”, as we realized substantial growth of ULTITEC is due to immense efforts by everyone. Hence, a series of event will be ongoing namely: distributor thanksgiving feedback, technical service consultation, occupational safety training, product upgrades and others. I sincerely appreciate your contribution in making ULTITEC a successful brand, let us continue to uphold ” Seeking the Common Good” principle and move together towards astonishing future.

10 Year Anniversary: You bring out the best in us

Jason Lin, General Manager


Recognition of ULTITEC in ASEAN and South Asia

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The “New Southbound Policy” is one of the most important policies of the Taiwan government at this stage. Its core objective is to reposition Taiwan’s economic development direction and momentum in the new stage of Asia and create a more valuable and important economic and trade strategy. ULTITEC has entered its 10th year and has partners in ASEAN and South Asia, closely promoting the importance of choosing suitable protective clothing and gradually stabilizing in the personal protective equipment (PPE) market with high quality, reasonable pricing and international certification.

Recently, General Manager Jason Lin was invited to the “Taiwan’s New South-oriented Achievements and Prospects Symposium” hosted by the Bureau of Foreign Trade and implemented by the Taiwan Institute of Economic Research to carry out “New Southbound Policy Experience Sharing Seminar”. Besides sharing ULTITEC’s market layout, international rescue application cases and brand appeals, also focuses on the importance of establishing partnerships with distributors, emphasizing the need to understand local culture, tailoring market management strategies and management methods. “Leaders’ enthusiasm for branding is the reason of ULTITEC’s sustainable operation, while our distributors are the key to market expansion.” The nearly one-hour experience sharing not only enabled the participants to understand and support the “New Southbound Policy”, but also deepened the willingness of SMEs to expand internationally.

Outbreaks of African Swine Fever could Spill into Southeast Asia Protective Clothing Needed for Disease Control

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China’s recent outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF) in its domesticated pigs has been spreading widely since first emerging in August. As the world’s largest pig producer, this epidemic is disastrous as over 40,000 pigs have died or culled, and millions been inspected at farms, markets and abattoirs across China. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), one of the most worrying features of ASF is it can spread over long distances, thus neighboring countries in Southeast Asia are at extremely high risk.

According to CIRAD, the virus carries huge impacts especially devastating socioeconomic consequences towards Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam, which have large pig industries. Vietnam is probably at highest risk, considering its common border with China and significant trade between the two countries. Thailand may be less vulnerable if it takes strict biosecurity measures, while insularity could protect the Philippines.

No Cure but Not a Direct Health Risk to Humans

ASF is caused by virus infection that affects only wild and domestic pigs, with no vaccine available. Infection causes skin rash, severe internal bleeding and accumulation of fluid in pig’s lungs. The virus can survive for months in chilled or frozen meat, resulting major threat to food biosecurity, but human consumption of infected pork is harmless as cooking inactivates the virus. Illegal movement of pigs or pork products across borders, improper disposal of food waste at entry ports, swill feeding, and illegal sale of infected pigs all contribute to wider spread of ASF.

Raise Preparedness for Disease Control and Management

The most urgent action needed now is to ensure neighboring countries to prepare for incursion of ASF. The effective measures are:

  1. Enforcement of strict quarantine and biosecurity
  2. Animal movement restrictions and culling infected or exposed herds
  3. Cleaning and disinfection of infected properties

Monitoring surrounding pig farms in preventing secondary outbreaks

Operators are encouraged to wear appropriate protective clothing during disinfection for healthcare concern. ULTITEC 2000 and ULTITEC 3000T are recommended protective suits against liquid splash or particulate and biological agents, due to the premium microporous fabric offers an outstanding barrier against wide range of chemical liquids, blood, body fluid and infective agents. They have met DIN 32781 requirement for protection against pesticides while maintaining comfortability. Besides, their performance is proven for disease control and exceed WHO standard as they have been applied for Ebola infection control previously.

With the above concern, we strongly encourage people in Southeast Asia to have emergency preparedness plans from now onwards. Due to the current virus strain that entered China is highly virulent, it is important to reduce further spread from the same source. Do keep an eye on international updates while try to figure out where and when the virus might make an entry.

ULTITEC In Response to Rapid Growth of PPE Market at TAIWAN EXPO 2018

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It is the 10th anniversary for ULTITEC and we took a great leap forward before the year ends. Taiwan Expo Exhibition 2018 themed “Connect Taiwan, Connect the World” has become international flagship platform for interaction between ASEAN and Southeast Asia countries since the inception of Taiwan government’s “New Southbound Policy”.

ULTITEC chose to participate in both India and Malaysia outings due to published TechSci Research report “India Personal Protection Equipment Market Forecast and Opportunities, 2020”, PPE market in India is forecast to grow at a fast pace during year 2015 until 2020. Automotive sector is anticipated to continue dominance over the next few years. While from “Malaysia Oil & Gas Q4 2018” market research report by Fitch Solutions, several large-scale gas projects are materializing and a string of projects will boost Malaysia’s natural gas production over the coming four years.

From educational perspective, attendees managed to have deep awareness on importance of industrial protective clothing and selection of appropriate ULTITEC garment for respective applications under our team’s professional advice. We believe that ULTITEC series will be more widely applied in automobiles, oil & gas industry etc. in future, with ultimate protection particularly from ULTITEC 1000L, ULTITEC 2000 and ULTITEC 4000. Together with global partners we made mission of “Allow every front-line operator to get home safely and resume working the next day” coming true.

Occupational Heat Exposure

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All-time heat records have been set all over the world. Operators who are exposed to hot workplace may be at risk of heat stress. Over the past few years, Many consequences have been impacted by this drastic climate change, namely increasing heat waves, glacier melting and floods. Thus, operators wearing protective clothing need to be careful in excessive heat working environment.

Several precautions can be carried out as following:

Provide suitable PPE

During selection process of PPE, minimum criteria is to cope with environmental risk. Safety managers can assort protective clothing with sufficient protection and breathability, as operators might need body cooling and sweat evaporation.  ULTITEC 2000B is designed to work in warm environment. It allows high breathability through breathable back panel.

Encourage regular breaks and hydration

Safety managers need to set up a ventilated rest area, and may provide constant and longer breaks, also remind operators to stay hydrated as body comprises approximately 60% water. Sweat is produced to evaporate to keep core temperature regulated at 98.6°F (32°C). In other words, sweating is how body simmers itself down when it gets overheated.

Wear protective clothing properly

It is usual that operators unzip or take off garment for cooling purpose. Moreover, they are hesitate to wear protective clothing and expose body in danger. Hence, it is important to make sure operators wear protective clothing properly to ensure they can go home safely.

Prep first aid process for heat exhaustion and heat stroke

Heat exhaustion usually happens when workplace is hot and humid, results in loss of body fluids through sweating, which causes overheat and dehydrated. While heat stroke is due to untreated heat exhaustion, causes malfunction of body cooling system and body temperature rises to the dangerous state, at which damage to brain or internal organs may occur.

Foresee of Positive User Behavior Changes on ULTITEC Series in Philippines

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TOP-RIGID, our partner in the Philippines organized a successful seminar with affirmatory attendance recently in Cebu City, the first class highly urbanized city in the Philippines. Pre-registered participants from various industrial fields attended to gain better comprehension regarding ULTITEC protective clothing series. Although participants came from different professional levels, due to the high degree of interest on ULTITEC series, they paid great attention throughout the seminar and inquired about details on fabric performance, proper usage of protective clothing, features of garment selection etc.

As ULTITEC’s promise of “You are safe with us!” to distributors and users, we managed to apply professional knowledge and experience to all end-user solution smoothly. Besides, correct donning and doffing demonstration is being showcased to attendees and this further aroused confidence and trust in accepting ULTITEC series are the suitable garment selection for them. We believe potential behavior changes are the coming trends which are undeniable in the future. This could be further proven as ULTITEC series especially ULTITEC 1000L is being supplied continuously for all Shell franchises in the Philippines. We sincerely appreciate our partner TOP-RIGID for arranging this extremely successful and meaningful seminar in this beautiful city of the Philippines.

Media Report: ULTITEC 2000 is adopted to do avian influenza prevention by Taiwan authorities on May 2018

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On 2018/5/18, Taiwan government confirmed an avian influenza outbreak in Tainan. Testing result reveals the abnormal death of roues were infected by H5N2. To prevent epidemic from diffusion, the local authorities had culled more than 2,000 geese. The bird flu had caused serious economic losses recently, therefore, governments rises highly attention to any suspected cases.

In this incident, the frontline workers handling the culling wear ULTITEC 2000 to protect themselves from potential hazardous and threat of contamination. It is designed to protect workers against liquid splash or particulate and biological agents.

Generally, there are few important reasons to wear protective clothing for preventing bird flu:

1.Avoid staff from infected by virus when working in the hot zone (infection zone).

2.Prevent the virus from spreading to non-contaminated areas and cause more serious disease outbreak.

3.Protect frontline workers’ safety from contamination when cleaning, disinfecting, and using chemicals.

ULTITEC 2000 passed WHO protective clothing standard for preventing Ebola epidemic. It’s not only waterproof but also breathable. It resist anti-blood, body fluid and even virus.

Photo Credit: The central news agency

ULTITEC obtained positive feedbacks during 2018 Intersec

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The leading security & safety show, 2018 Intersec held from January 21st – 23rd, had completed successfully. The 20th edition of Intersec attracted over 1,300 exhibitors from 59 countries, which gathered nearly 30,000 visitors. As one of the largest and most diverse shows in security & safety area, its influence has spread not only across the Middle East and Africa plus the Indian subcontinent but has gone well beyond.

Derekduck has participated for eighth edition and has a certain reputation in the industry. Many visitors were referred by our client, which shows the clients’ confidence and trust to our product. ULTITEC is committed to provide “right” protective clothing to each workers. We aim to become their ultimate shield and make sure workers go home safely. That is why we attend exhibitions and spend our time communicating to users.

During the exhibition, many clients have concern about the new CE certification application schedule, current certification validation periods, and the supports from Derekduck. Derekduck have made preparation and started to work on the new CE application. As the regulation for workplace safety becomes more and more seriously, PPE providers also put more efforts on CE certification. Derekduck also attach importance to it. Our type 3 to type 6 protective clothing are all testified by third notice Body, assuring the quality and corresponding with local governments PPE regulations.

Latest news about new regulation (EU) 2016/425

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